This paper presents a conceptualization of the 21st century skills developed by the International Study of City Youth (ISCY) project in which HKIEd is a participant. The ISCY examines education systems around the world by focusing on a number of cities worldwide and surveying fifteen-year-old students in those contexts. One of the intentions of ISCY was to measure 21st century skills (often referred to as non-cognitive skills, such as perseverance, creativity, empathy, confidence and hope for the future) that are critical for students’ transition to life beyond school. A theoretical framework that conceptualizes 21st century skills was developed by Lamb (2015) and was based on work by Pellegrino & Hilton (2012) and Farrington et al (2012). The framework focuses on four academic mindsets supported by effort and engagement, certain social skills and learning strategies.The paper argues that the development of 21st century skills can be well addressed through teaching and learning in technology education, as one focus of the subject/learning area is to ensure the successful transition to life beyond school and to support students’ academic achievement. This paper provides some examples of research in technology education relevant to this area. In addition, it is suggested that by applying a survey methodology based on the ISCY framework it is possible to identify those skills that require improvements in particular settings, in order to devise targeted approaches that address the identified differences. Copyright © 2016 ITEEA.
|Title of host publication||PATT-32 proceedings: Technology education for 21st century skills|
|Editors||Marc J. DE VRIES, Arien BEKKER-HOLTLAND, Gerald VAN DIJK|
|Place of Publication||Netherlands|
|Publication status||Published - Sept 2016|
CitationPavlova, M. (2016). 21st century skills: How to identify and address them in technology education. In M. J. de Vries, A. Bekker-Holtland, & G. van Dijk (Eds.), PATT-32 proceedings: Technology education for 21st century skills (pp. 378-385). Netherlands: ITEEA.
- 21st century skills
- Taxonomy of 21st century skills
- Measurement of 21st century skills
- Academic mindsets
- International Study of City Youth (ISCY) study
- Technology education