鬼神、祭禮與文道觀念:以韓愈《潮州祭城隍神文》等祭神文為中心

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Abstract

分析韓愈《潮州祭城隍神文》等祭神文的措辭、禮數規格及思想觀念,以之與唐代其他祭神文,《大唐開元禮》《大唐郊祀錄》等進行比較,析論韓愈儒家思想與其祭神文的關系,結論認為:1.韓愈祭神文明顯有意徵引唐代祭神文罕見的先秦儒家祭物名稱;2.通過禮法儀式,韓愈把城隍神等地方神明納入儒家體系;3.韓愈屢次申述儒家鬼神觀念,說“天地神祇,昭布森列,非可誣也”,並強調其祭祀依準古法。韓愈今存大部分祭神文均寫於他諫迎佛骨之後不久,他正是通過這些祭神文章,再次申明並且實踐了他文以載道和嚴夷夏之防的立場。
This article discusses the wording,standard of etiquette and thoughts of Han Yu in his sacrificial writings for Chaozhou. Besides, the writer also compares them with Etiquettes of Tang Dynasty, and comes to the conclusions: 1. Han Yu quotes more names of oblation recorded in the classics of Pre-Qin Confucianism; 2. Han Yu absorbs city gods and other local deities into Confucian system through etiquette and cults; 3. Han Yu repeatedly states Confucian ideas of spirits to the effect that the gods from heaven and earth cannot be denied nor neglected. Copyright © 2016 河北師範大學.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)73-81
Journal河北師範大學學報(哲學社會科學版)
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016

Citation

馮志弘(2016):鬼神、祭禮與文道觀念:以韓愈《潮州祭城隍神文》等祭神文為中心,《河北師範大學學報(哲學社會科學版)》,39(4),頁73-81。

Keywords

  • 韓愈
  • 鬼神
  • 城隍神
  • 祭文
  • 文道觀念
  • Han Yu
  • Gods and ghosts
  • City god
  • Oration
  • Idea of literature and doctrine
  • Alt. title: Han Yu and his doctrines of gods, ghosts and cults in sacrificial writings for Chaozhou