「香、禪、詩」的初會:從北宋黃庭堅到日本室町時代「山谷抄」

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Abstract

黃庭堅創作的「香詩」為宋詩帶來主題、功能、思想等多維度的新變,是將「元祐體」帶向詩史中區別於唐詩的宋詩典範。他熱衷於「香方」的搜求、配製,致力於提升香方的精神內涵,推動了北宋後期持續的香方熱。區別於中古佛教諸宗「香供、香使、香塵、香毒」的舊形象,黃庭堅取資唐宋以來嶄新的禪思想資源,發明了以焚香為途徑的禪修新法,創立了獨屬於宋型文化的「香禪」形象。上述唐宋轉型,催生了東亞香史上的關鍵著作即洪芻《香後譜》的誕生。而蘭坡景茝、萬里集九等日本室町時代五山僧,又以「山谷抄」此類黃庭堅詩歌的註釋、講義為途徑,通過研究、講授山谷詩,將宋代香事的某些觀念,傳遞給了作為日本香道之祖的三條西實隆等貴族知識精英,對日本香道成立初期的內涵產生過不小的影響。

"Incense poetry," innovated on by Huang Tingjian 黃庭堅 (1045-1105),has brought multi-dimensional changes to Song Poetry ranging from themeand function to literary thought. It is both typical of Yuanyou style 元祐體and distinguishes Song Poetry from Tang Poetry. With intense enthusiasm,Huang Tingjian explored "incense prescriptions" and dedicated himself to thebroadening of its spiritual implications, which led to the enduring popularityof "incense prescriptions" during the late Northern Song dynasty. Derivedfrom ideological resources of Zen thought popular since the Tang and Songdynasties, Huang Tingjian's new notion of meditation differed from previousforms seen during the Middle Ages, such as "incense offerings," "incenseenvoys," "incense defilement" and even "incense poison." Huang createda Song-style “incense Zen” by inventing a new meditation method whichinvolved burning incense. This Tang-Song transition gave birth to Hong Chu's洪芻 (1066-1127?) Incense Post-Manual 香後譜 (Xiang hou pu), which becameestablished as the seminal work in relation to the history of incense in EastAsia. During the Muromachi period (1336-1573), Banri Shūkyū (1428-1507?),together with other Japanese Zen monks of the Five Mountains, annotatedHuang Tingjian's poems and established "Sankokusyo 山谷抄." Throughthe teaching of Huang's works, they introduced several concepts concerning song incense to aristocratic elites, such as Sanjōnishi Sanetaka (1575-1640),a forefather of Japanese Kōdō (Way of Fragrance), which had a significantimpact on Japanese Kōdō at the very beginning of its development. Copyright © 2018 國家圖書館.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)73-111
Journal漢學研究
Volume36
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Bibliographical note

商海鋒(2018):「香、禪、詩」的初會:從北宋黃庭堅到日本室町時代「山谷抄」,《漢學研究》,36(4),頁73-111。

Keywords

  • 黃庭堅
  • 香詩
  • 香方
  • 香禪
  • 山谷抄
  • Alt. title: The initial integration between Incense, Zen and Poetry: From Huang Tingjian in the Northern Song Dynasty to "Sankokusyo" in the Muromachi Period
  • Huang Tingjian
  • Incense poetry
  • Incense prescriptions
  • Incense zen
  • Sankokusyo