香港面對“世界改變”的挑戰:共通能力的培養

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

近年,全球探討教育和課程改革,而核心素養則成為探討的焦點。2001年,香港以“學會學習:課程發展路向”為主題開展全面的課程改革,其中改革的主導原則是要“教導學生學會學習”,強調發展學生的共通能力。香港教育工作者在探討培養學生共通能力時,常談及核心素養。核心素養可分為“充實的學識、全面的素養及健康的價值”三方面。本文嘗試探討香港如何審視培養學生的共通能力,以及能力與全球各地之核心素養的關係。首先,作者會探討核心素養和共通能力的區別;其次,分析香港培養香港學生共通能力的成效;最後,檢視培養學生共通能力的挑戰。整體而言,香港經過十多年課程改革,部分學校確為學生提供培養共通能力的學習經驗,而且校長及教師都認為學生在溝通能力、批判思考能力、創造力、自學能力及習慣等方面都有進步。然而,香港培育學生之共通能力仍有一定限制,包括如何系統地在學科或跨學科中培養學生共通能力以及如何評量學生在共通能力方面的學習成果。
In recent years, core literacy has become the focus of the global discussion on education and curriculum reform. In 2001, Hong Kong launched a comprehensive curriculum reform under the theme of "learning to learn: curriculum development direction". The guiding principle of the reform was to "teach students to learn" with an emphasis on developing students’ common abilities. When Hong Kong educators talk about developing students’ common abilities, they often talk about core qualities. Core literacy can be divided into three aspects:"substantial knowledge", "comprehensive literacy" and "healthy value". This paper attempts to explore how Hong Kong looks at the development of students’ common abilities and the relationship between these abilities and core competencies around the world. We first explore the differences between core literacy and common ability. Secondly, the effectiveness of training Hong Kong students in common ability is analyzed. Finally, we examine the challenges of cultivating students’ common abilities. On the whole, after more than a decade of curriculum reform in Hong Kong, some schools have provided students with learning experience to develop common skills. Principals and teachers all agree that students have made progress in communication skills, critical thinking skills, creativity, self-learning ability and habits. However, there are still some limitations in cultivating students’ common abilities in Hong Kong, including how to systematically cultivate students’ common abilities within or across disciplines, and how to evaluate students’ learning achievements in common abilities. Copyright © 2019 華東師範大學.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)97-110
Journal全球教育展望
Volume2019
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

霍秉坤(2019):香港面對“世界改變”的挑戰:共通能力的培養,《全球教育展望》,2019(7),頁97-110。

Keywords

  • 課程改革
  • 核心素養
  • 共通能力
  • Curriculum reform
  • Core accomplishment
  • Common ability
  • Alt. title: Hong Kong faces the challenge of “world change”: The cultivation of common capabilities