開展日本授業研究的文化因素:從野中郁次郎的知識創造理論來看

鄭志強, 胡俊, 施瀾

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

本文旨在探討開展授業研究的文化因素,透過人種誌的研究方法探究日本文化對實施授業研究的影響。雖然許多研究表明,日本的授業研究能有效地促進教師合作、建立專業學習社群,並提高學生的學習水平,但是卻未能在其他國家植根。本研究以野中郁次郎和竹內弘高的 SECI(socialization-externalization-combination-internalization)知識創造模型作為理論框架,分析授業研究的機制,並採用人種誌的研究方法在名古屋與愛知縣進行研究,探究日本文化對實施授業研究的影響。研究發現高度信任的日本社會文化,教師的專業自主問責制,以及追求「改善」的常規行為(Kaizen Kata)是培植日本授業研究的重要元素。其他國家的學校系統可以透過建立組織學習文化培植這些元素。
Through conducting an ethnography study to explore the influence of Japanese culture on the implementation of Lesson Study, this paper aims to explore the culture factors for developing Lesson Study. Despite many studies indicate that Japanese Lesson Study can effectively facilitate teacher collaboration, develop professional learning communities and enhance student learning performance, it cannot be deeply rooted in other countries. This study adopts Nonaka and Takeuchi’s SECI (socialization-externalization-combination– internalization) knowledge creation model as the theoretical framework to analyze the mechanism of Lesson Study, and conducted ethnographic studies in Nagoya and Aichi Prefecture to explore the influence of Japanese culture on the implementation of Lesson Study. Results of this study show that a high-trust culture in the Japanese society, a strong professional accountability of teacher, and a unique culture of Kaizen Kata for pursuing improvement are the critical elements for cultivating Japanese Lesson Study. School systems in other countries may cultivate these elements through developing an organizational learning culture to institutionalize Lesson Study. Copyright © 2019 國立臺灣師範大學教育研究與評鑑中心.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)77-109
Journal當代教育研究季刊
Volume27
Issue number2
Early online date29 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

Citation

鄭志強、胡俊和施瀾(2019):開展日本授業研究的文化因素:從野中郁次郎的知識創造理論來看,《當代教育研究季刊》,27(2),頁77-109。

Keywords

  • 授業研究
  • SECI 模型
  • 知識創造
  • 組織學習文化
  • Lesson study
  • SECI model
  • Knowledge creation
  • Organizational learning culture
  • Alt. title: The cultural factors for developing Japanese lesson study: A perspective from Nonaka’s knowledge creation theory
  • PG student publication