過渡期的政制發展與銜接問題

張炳良, 雷競璇

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

Abstract

本論文旨在從主權、民主化、和政治經濟三個不同的分析角度對香港過渡期政治發展進行總體探討,去理解中國、英國、和香港本土力量的互動關係,嘗試尋找一些處理當中分歧、解決矛盾的契機與出路。本論文又就一些關乎過渡期政制發展的爭論性項目 (包括一九九五年立法局選舉的問題、一九九七年「直通車」模式下立法局議員的“確認”問題、立法局的地位和內部組織問題、行政體制的發展問題、及《基本法》的修改和解釋問題) 作出分析和提出解決問題之應循方向。本論文提出四項原則作為過渡期政制發展之指導︰(一) 賦予各主要政治活動者其應有的認可性,(二) 立法局的政治角色應得到承認,(三) 以《基本法》作為中港關系和香港本地政治秩序的基礎,(四) 主動提出擱置對「六四事件」的爭論。
This Paper provides a macro-analysis of political developments in Hong Kong during the transitional period from the three perspectives of sovereignty change, democratization and the political economy, in the course of which the inter-relationships among China, Britain and indigenous Hong Kong forces are examined in an attempt to indentify opportunities and outlets for the resolution of emerging conflicts. The paper also discusses certain controversial issues pertaining to transitional developments – including matters such as the 1995 Legislative Council electoral arrangements; confirmation of Legislative Councillors in 1997 under the “through train” model; status and internal organization of the Legislative Council; development of the Executive institutions; and the interpretation and amendment of the Basic Law. Directions in which solutions can be found to some of the problems unveiled are set out in the course of discussion. This paper puts forward four principles to guide the development of political institutions during the transitional period. They are:
(1) The legitimate role of the major actors in the political arena within the Hong Kong society should be recognised;
(2) The political role of the Legislative Council should be affirmed;
(3) The Basic Law should be taken as the foundation of the relationship between Hong Kong and the Mainland as well as the foundation of the local political order;
(4) The Chinese government should taken the initiative to shelve the controversy on the “June 4 incident”. Copyright © 1993 Author(s).
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Title of host publication《過渡期的香港:1992》
Place of Publication香港
Publisher一國兩制經濟硏究中心
Pages462-487
ISBN (Print)9624810044
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Citation

張炳良和雷競璇 (1993):過渡期的政制發展與銜接問題,輯於《過渡期的香港:1992》,(頁 462-487),香港,一國兩制經濟硏究中心。

Keywords

  • Alt. title: Development and convergence of political institutions in the transitional period