述謂性“這/那個+謂詞性成分+(的)”

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

文章通過句法、語義特徵兩方面的考察發現,漢語裡存在具有謂詞性語類特徵的“這/那個+謂詞性成分+(的) ”。該格式與程度意義密切相關,其中的謂詞性成分必須是本身就具備等級性(gradability)的形容詞、狀態動詞,或是在狀態、結果領域能夠被投射到具有程度意義的屬性維度上的動詞;其中“這/那個”之後的謂詞性成分沒有發生名物化,指示詞的語法功能也與“指示/指別”無關,而是體現出強化程度意義的作用。
This paper centers on the usage of the preverbal zhe(這)/na(那)ge(個)’ this/that-CL’ in spoken Mandarin Chinese. Based on a series of syntactic and semantic examinations, it reveals that there is a "zhe/na ge+VP/AP +(de)(的)" sequence which is predicational in nature, with the VP/AP contained not being nominalized as in other cases. It further discovers that the V/A licensed in this construction can either be an adjective or stative verb which is intrinsically gradable, or a verb that can be associated with a gradable scale relevant to certain dimension. It finally argues that the preverbal zhe/na ge is qualified as a degree intensifier, reflecting a new line of derivation with respect to its grammatical function. Copyright © 2011 徐州師範大學語言所.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)83-92
Journal語言科學
Volume10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011

Citation

金晶(2011):述謂性“這/那個+謂詞性成分+(的)”,《語言科學》,10(1),頁83-92。

Keywords

  • 謂詞性成分
  • 等級性
  • 程度意義
  • Demonstratives
  • Verbal element
  • Gradability
  • Degree
  • Alt. title: On the predicational "Zhe(這)/Na(那)Ge(個)+ VP/AP + De(的)"