輕聲:北京話聲調的空調類:兼論生成規則的語言學依據

侍建國

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

Abstract

為北京話輕聲歸類,有聲學和音系學兩個視角。聲學上,輕聲與輕音完全一樣,可將輕聲歸入韻律的輕重音;在音系學上,如果認為輕聲語素在聲調上自成一類,其調型在聽辨上有決定性作用,就應該承認輕聲有聲調辨義功能。從漢語聲調辨義角度看,輕聲調可分析為一種特殊調類,是語素音節自身的語音特徵。從韻律學角度看,音節的輕重強弱是一種相對關係,它由詞或短語的韻律而定。
This paper argues that neutral-tone-syllables in Mandarin are phonologically different from unstressed syllables and that the former phonemically forms a supplement tonal category while the latter represents weak feet in the metrical structure of Mandarin. It further claims that metrical patterns bear no phonemic value since weak feet are predictable according to the position of neutral-tone-syllables in words or phrases. Copyright © 2006 中國社會科學院語言研究所.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)311-323
Journal當代語言學
Volume8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

Citation

侍建國(2006):輕聲:北京話聲調的空調類:兼論生成規則的語言學依據,《當代語言學》,8(4),頁311-323。

Keywords

  • 輕聲
  • 輕音
  • 空調類
  • 同一性
  • 韻律
  • Neutral tone
  • Unstressed syllable
  • Metrical structure
  • Mandarin
  • Alt. title: The neutral tone: A supplement tonal category of Mandarin