論陳維崧倚聲填詞的創作動機

李日康

Research output: ThesisMaster's Thesis

Abstract

清代號稱詞學復興之世,詞人、詞派、詞學現象特多,陳維崧正是清初其中一位重要的詞家。學界長久以來都將陳維崧定位為詞人,是陽羨詞派的代表詞家,事實上,他身兼詩人、駢文家。我們在肯定陳維崧在詞學上獲得最大成就的同時,不應忽略他在其他文體所呈現的面向,以及提供的線索,詩與詞向來並行並論,這些面向和線索往往能加深對其人及其詞的研究與理解。本研究旨在從文本性的分析著手,主要以內緣角度切入,解決陳維崧研究一個基本而重要的問題:陳維崧倚聲填詞的創作動機。在研究方法上,本研究傾向把外緣歷史因素作為資料和背景的鋪墊,而文本性和內緣性分析則往往在論述中有決定性的影響力,這種研究方法是希望強調作家在創作上的主體性與獨特性,而非受歷史環境制約下的共性,重新發掘陳維崧及其詞學的其他面向,建構其更為立體的形象。
本研究共分五章,除第一章緒論、第五章結論以及參考書目外,正文部份共三章:第二章以陳維崧癸丑至丙辰「棄詩弗作」這一以詩為討論題目,但重心同時關涉其詞的文學事件作切入點,分析事件的原因,以及由此反映在相應時間中左右陳維崧作詩或作詞的文學內部因素;第三章重點分析陳維崧詩詞作品中,屢屢出現的「恨」的意涵,以及他怎樣透過與他人作品的對話,來回應詮釋傳統,呈現主體性;第四章透過重新解讀陳維崧的詞論〈詞選序〉,探討陳維崧的創作理論中詩與詞的界別與融通,以及〈詞選序〉所指作詞存詞的目的。
Qing dynasty is defined as the revival age of ci-poetry while plenty of ci-literati, schools of ci and phenomenon in ci-poetry were emerging since late-Ming. Chen WeiSong was one of the most important ci-literati in early Qing. Scholars mainly focus on his status of ci-literati and the representative of the school of Yangxian-ci while Chen also created shi and pian-wen concurrently and had certain achievements in both shi, ci and pian-wen. There is a critical tradition in the comparison and discussion of ci-poetry accompanied with shi. Studying shi and other literary form of Chen provides clues and different ways of interpretations that help us re-examine and deepen the understanding of Chen and his ci-poetry while we affirm that Chen obtained the greatest accomplishment in ci’s area than shi and pian-wen. This thesis tries to answer a basic and important question of Chen WeiSong study, which is the mental motive of his literary creation of ci through an in-depth textual analysis. About the methodology designed in the thesis, in-depth textual analysis always occupies the critical role in the discussion while those historical backgrounds are inclined as background information because this thesis aims at emphasizing on the uniqueness and the subjectivity of Chen rather the generality under the early Qing’s society. Finally, there will be purports to reveal some hidden aspects of Chen’s ci and conducts a round exposition of Chen. The present thesis contains six chapters. Apart from Chapter 1:Introduction, which provide background information of Chen WeiSong and define key concepts, Chapter 5:Conclusion, which sums up and suggests possible ways of further research and Chapter 6: The bibliography, Chapter 2 discusses the event of “Abandonment of Shi from1673-1676” which was a phenomenon that discussed issue of shi-poetry but also related to ci-poetry. This Chapter aims at analyzing the reasons of “Abandonment of Shi from1673-1676” then criticizes the pull-push energy which influences Chen’s ci creation in related period of time. Chapter 3 focuses on the content of the phrase of “Hen” which appeared in Chen’s shi and ci repeatedly and analyzes how Chen responded to the Hermeneutic Tradition through the conversations between other author’s ci, and finally to present the subjectivity of Chen’s ci. Chapter 4 through re-interpreting an important article of Chen’s ci-theory, “Preface of Ci-Xuan”, discusses the scope between the two genre, shi and ci, and any integration in between under Chen’s critics. Furthermore, Chen WeiSong promoted the creation and collection of ci in “Preface of Ci-Xuan”. All rights reserved.
Original languageChinese
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • 陳維崧
  • 主體性
  • 詮釋傳統
  • Classical studies
  • Asian literature
  • Ci (Chinese poetry)
  • Theses and Dissertations
  • Thesis (M.Phil.)--The Hong Kong Institute of Education, 2015
  • Alt. title: Discussion on Chen Wei Song's motivation of literary creation of ci-poetry