被建構的文類:從「辨體」角度論傳記與「傳奇文」

胡梓穎, 黃自鴻

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

自魯适提出「傳奇文」的慨念,這信術語已被普遍接受並廣泛使用。惟不少學者對此說法仍相當保留。翻閱林林總總的古代文章總集 ,雖偶有收錄「傅奇文」作品,但在古代文體系譜裡,「傅奇文」卻從來沒有獨立身份。縱然論者不斷嘗試釐清傅記與「傳奇文」兩者的文體特徽,論點卻總是無法圓滿,究其原因乃受制於小說的討論框架。「傳奇文」的被建搆,重要性不止於重構中國古典小說史,更帶出了古代文體分裂的複雜議題。 本文將嘗試突破小說的討論框架,把「傳奇文」重新置於中國傳統的文體系譜中,結合唐宋以來文學覲念的發展狀況,試圖釐清魯迅「傳奇文」概念與古代「傳奇」觀念之異同,並重新考察傳統文人如何看待「傳奇文」和「假傳」這兩種具有親緣關係的文類,從而闡明魯迅建構「傳奇文」概念的意義。
Since Lu Xun proposed the concept of "chuanqi wen," this literary term has been widely accepted and used. Yet some scholars question the use of this term. Although works of "chuanqi wen" were being selected by some compilers, in various literary anthologies of the pre-modern China, the term was never been considered an independent genre in the "pedigree" of traditional genres. Notwithstanding scholars keep attempting to clarify the features of biography and "chuanqi wen," none of them is successful as their researches always tied to the study of fiction. The clarification of "chuanqi wen" not only is of importance to the reconstruction of the history of classical Chinese fiction, but also raises complicated questions of genre differentiation before and after the Classical Prose Movement of the Tang and Song Dynasties. This article attempts to break through the realm of fiction, and to study "chuanqi wen" in the "pedigree" of traditional genres. To better understand Lu Xun's concept on "chuanqi wen," this article differentiates the concept of "chuanqi wen" from "chuanqi," and also investigates how literati of the pre-modern China differentiated pseudo-biography from "chuanqi wen" in term of combining the development of literary thoughts since the Tang-Song periods. Copyright © 2017 臺灣大學文學院.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)87-126
Journal臺大文史哲學報
Volume86
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

Citation

胡梓穎和黃自鴻(2017):被建構的文類:從「辨體」角度論傳記與「傳奇文」,《臺大文史哲學報》,86,頁87-126。

Keywords

  • 傳奇文傳記
  • 辨雅
  • 魯迅
  • 古文運動
  • Chuanqi prose
  • Biography
  • Genre differentiation
  • Lu Xun
  • Classical prose movement
  • Alt. title: A constructed genre: Negotiation on the relation between biography and “Chuanqi Wen” from the view of “genre differentiation”