行賄意願差異與大灣區廉政合作治理:基於A市與香港的比較研究

肖漢宇, 公婷, 勞婕

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlespeer-review

Abstract

粵港澳大灣區各城市在社會環境上的差異,既是廉政建設區域間合作的挑戰,也是機遇。在不同的社會背景下,人們對腐敗的認知和接受程度不同,這在很大程度上通過行賄意願的差異呈現。因此,瞭解社會環境對行賄意願的影響,不僅有助於制定行之有效的廉政治理策略,也凸顯不同地區之間資訊交流和治理合作的重要性。那麼,在不同的社會場景下,人們的行賄意願會有怎樣的差異?受到哪些社會環境因素的影響?行賄意願差異的比較研究對廉政合作治理具有什麼理論和政策涵義?新制度主義理論為回答這些問題提供了有益的啟發。2019年在香港與大灣區A城市所作的問卷調查為不同地區相異的社會條件下的行賄意願差異提供了分析依據。研究結果表明,在行賄場景所預示的社會條件發生變化時,市民行賄的意願也隨之變化。這種變化受到制度環境因素和社會環境因素兩方面的影響。因此,在香港與大灣區其他城市社會條件不盡相同、而經濟和社會交往又不斷增加的情況下,如何抑制跨境賄賂是廉政合作治理必須面對的重要問題。
Social diversity across the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (Greater Bay Area) provides challenges and opportunities for inter-governmental collaboration in corruption prevention. Under different social contexts, people have different perceptions of corruption, some of which are manifested through propensities for bribery. A better understanding of the impact of the social context of bribery propensities is important not only for making effective anti-corruption policies, but also for enhancing cross-regional communications and collaboration. How do people’s bribery propensities vary under different social contexts? What social factors cause the variation? What theoretical and practical implications does a comparative analysis of bribery propensities have for collaborative governance? New institutionalist theory offers a good perspective for addressing these questions. Empirical results from two similar surveys conducted in Hong Kong and in City A of the Greater Bay Area provide strong evidence to show the impact of social contexts on bribery intentions. They indicate that, driven by institutional and societal factors, the propensity to bribe changes under different social conditions. As interactions between Hong Kong and mainland cities continue to rise while social environments remain different, preventing cross-regional corruption poses a challenge to collaborative governance in the Greater Bay Area. Copyright © 2020 廣東人民出版社有限公司;廣東省治理現代化研究所.
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)125-141, 198
Journal公共行政評論
Volume2020
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Citation

肖漢宇、公婷和勞婕(2020):行賄意願差異與大灣區廉政合作治理:基於A市與香港的比較研究,《公共行政評論》,2020(2),頁125-141, 198。

Keywords

  • 行賄意願
  • 廉政治理
  • 新制度主義理論
  • 粵港澳大灣區
  • Bribery propensity
  • Integrity governance
  • New institutionalist theory
  • Gongdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area
  • Alt. title: Bribery propensities and integrity governance in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area: A comparative study of City A and Hong Kong