聲調變異中的發音與感知機制:以香港粵語為例

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Abstract

本文以香港粵語聲調為例,探討聲調變異中發音與感知的關聯,嘗試揭示發音與感知機制如何作用於語言演變。通過嚴格設計實驗,本文從個人層面比較了香港粵語發音人在發音和感知方面的聲調表現,發現超過半數發音人已經出現了聲調混同、少部分發音人還能保 持 6 個聲調的區分。由於處於二者中間的發音混同而感知區分的個例極少,本文推斷聲調混同從感知出發、再延至發音。
Taking the tones of Hong Kong Cantonese as an example, this study examines the correlation between production and perception in tonal shift and attempts to reveal how the production-perceptual mechanism exerts influence on language change. Through specially designed experiments, a comparison is made between the tonal performances from production and perception of individual speakers of Hong Kong Cantonese. The result shows that more than half of the speakers have shown tonal mergers, whereas a small number of them could still distinguish the six tones. From the few cases in between which involve production confusion, yet without perceptual confusion, the paper suggests that tonal shift starts from perceptual difficulties and then expands to production. Copyright © 2017 China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House. All rights reserved.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)723-732
Journal中國語文
Volume2017
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Citation

梁源(2017):聲調變異中的發音與感知機制:以香港粵語為例,《中國語文》,2017(6),頁723-732。

Keywords

  • 聲調變異
  • 發音與感知機制
  • 語言演變
  • 香港粵語
  • Tonal shift
  • Production-perception mechanism
  • Language change
  • Hong Kong Cantonese
  • Alt. title: The production-perception mechanism in tonal shift:The case of Hong Kong Cantonese