珠江三角洲地區農民工維權非政府組織:描述性分析

和經緯, 黃慧

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

Abstract

在中國大陸的快速工業化和城市化過程中,二億一千萬農民工成為最為弱勢的群體之一,珠江三角洲地區的農民工權益更遭受了最為嚴重的侵害。但由於政府和工會的明顯缺位,非政府的農民工權益維護組織(以下簡稱 NGO)近年興起。這些草根組織活躍在深圳、廣州、東莞等地,主要提供法律諮詢、起草文書、培訓、案件代理、工傷探訪、文化休閒等服務。它們的出現在一定程度上滿足了農民工的迫切需求,也反映着中國公民社會的脈動。但是這些草根 NGO 受到法律框架、資金來源、人力資源等方面的嚴重限制,其可持續性受到懷疑。此外,如何與政府打交道,決定了他們的生存環境,以及能否實現組織使命。
In China’s rapid industrialization and urbanization, 210 million rural migrant workers make up one of the country’s most disadvantaged groups. Labour rights in South China are probably in the worst situation in the country. Workers in South China often suffer from low and unpaid wages, excessive overtime, lack of contracts, poor work conditions, work injuries, and so on. Serious labour-capital conflicts call for an effective dispute resolution mechanism. In response to the absence of the government and the official trade union in labour rights protection, several migrant rights NGOs have emerged in the Pearl River Delta region. These grassroots NGOs mainly emerged from 2001 onwards, and are mainly located in Shenzhen, Guangzhou and the nearby cities. Common services offered by these indigenous NGOs include legal consultation, document service, training and workshops, case agents, hospital visits, cultural and recreational activities as well as research. These NGOs partly satisfy the migrant workers’ urgent needs for legal aid, and contribute to the cultivation of their legal consciousness. At the same time, they reflect aspects of the dynamics of China’s civil society. However, despite the constructive role they play, these NGOs are constrained by the legal framework and shortages of financial and human resources. Hence, their long-term sustainability is in doubt. Moreover, a favourable relationship with the government authorities is key to their survival and the success of their missions. This means that the likelihood for their success is often threatened. Copyright © 2008 香港教育大學, 大中華研究中心.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)41-71
Journal香港社會科學學報
Volume35
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Citation

和經緯和黃慧(2008):珠江三角洲地區農民工維權非政府組織:描述性分析,《香港社會科學學報》,35,頁41-71。

Keywords

  • 非政府組織
  • 珠三角
  • 草根組織
  • 農民工
  • 維權
  • Grassroots organizations
  • Labour rights
  • Migrant workers
  • NGOs
  • Pearl River Delta region
  • Alt. title: NGOs defending migrant labour rights in the Pearl River Delta region: A descriptive analysis