漢語人稱代詞的來源屬性及其演變的類型學意義分析:以“身”“儂”“伊”等為例

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

Abstract

代詞屬於語法域,其來源屬性及演變等相關問題一直是學界討論的重要議題之一。文章以“身”“儂”“伊”等為例,並立足於漢語實際,從類型學視角出發對其人稱代詞的來源進行探尋,認為有兩方面:第一,第一人稱和第二人稱代詞來源於名詞,包括關係名詞和通指名詞;第二,第三人稱代詞來源於指示代詞。同時,文章認為句法語境是影響指示代詞到人稱代詞演變的根本原因。在上述研究的基礎上,最後得出漢語人稱代詞的語法化演變路徑。
Pronouns belong to the syntax domain, and their origins and evolution have been an important topic for academic discussion. Using Shen(身), Nong(儂) and Yi(伊) as examples, this paper traces the origins of Chinese personal pronouns from the typological perspective. It argues that the first and second person pronouns are originated from nouns, including relative nouns and generic nouns, and the second and third person pronouns from demonstrative pronouns. It also holds that the syntactic context is the fundamental factor that impacts the evolution from demonstrative pronouns to personal pronouns. The paper concludes with an evolutional path of Chinese personal pronouns. Copyright © 2019 上海世紀出版股份有限公司;上海辭書出版社.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)121-135
Journal辭書研究
Volume2019
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Citation

王聰(2019):漢語人稱代詞的來源屬性及其演變的類型學意義分析:以“身”“儂”“伊”等為例,《辭書研究》,2019(4),頁121-135。

Keywords

  • 人稱代詞
  • 演變
  • 句法語境
  • 類型學
  • Personal pronouns
  • Evolution
  • Syntactic context
  • Typology
  • Alt. title: On the original properties of personal pronouns and the typological significance of their evolution: A case of Shen (身), Nong (儂) and Yi (伊)