木心與「五四」新文學

郭博嘉

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Theses

Abstract

木心(1927-2011)作為「五四遺腹子」、「文學魯濱遜」,其文學創作生涯初始於20世紀40年代的後「五四」時期,因文革而中斷,80年代旅居紐約後才重拾寫作,作品在台灣一經發表便引起轟動,然而遲至2006 年,其文集才在中國大陸正式出版,引發新的關注和討論。本論文以木心為主要的研究對象,以夏志清《中國現代小說史》作為方法,借鑒其「超越意識形態」、「以作品的文學價值為原則」、「以普遍的人性及不朽的傑作」為立論基點的批評方法,將木心首先置於「五四」新文學的歷史語境中,探討「五四」同人如何面對「現代」與「傳統」的複雜角力,如何以浪漫的個人主義式的抒情之力抗衡革命的宏大敘事、維護人性尊嚴、彰顯文學的普世價值,從而以期探討「人的文學」這一中國現代文學傳統及「情迷中國」情結如何影響、推動卻又制約著「五四」同人的思想及創作。木心作為「五四遺腹子」,他既保存了「五四」新文學「人的文學」傳統,同時作為多脈相承的「文學魯濱遜」,而具有超越意識形態和超越「情迷中國」情結的世界性眼光;離散的經歷又使他得以在相對自由的環境中重拾寫作,延續並發展了「五四」新文學的文學傳統,最終形成了木心自己的文學風格。
Mu Xin (1927-2011), the “posthumous child of the May Fourth” and the “Robinson of literature”, began his literary career in the 40s of the 20th century. Interrupted during the Cultural Revolution, he did not resume his career until he relocated to New York in the 80s, when his oeuvre caused a sensation in Taiwan. But it was not until 2006 that his collections were published in mainland China, receiving a new round of study. This dissertation analyses the works of Muxin and borrow from the critiques in Hsia Chih-tsing’s A History of Modern Chinese Fiction. More specifically, Hsia based his analysis on “an assumption of a single humanity and universal masterpieces” and the insistence on literary significance over political import. In this dissertation, I will first examine how, in the face of the tension between modern and tradition, the writers of May Fourth new literautre, adopting the “lyricism tradition”, defy the subsuming revolutionary narratives and return to the universal values of literature. I will analyze how the modern literary tradition “Humane Literature” and “obsession with China” influence, promote, but at the same time, hinder the development of the thinkings and works of the May Fourth writers. Situating Mu Xin in this wider historical context of May Fourth new literature, I will argue that the diasporic writer Mu Xin, while preserving the “Humane Literature” tradition of the new literature and embracing different cultural traditions, is able to transcend the ideology of contemporary China and the “obsession with China” and develop the tradition of Humane Literautre and form his own style. All rights reserved.
Original languageChinese
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • 木心
  • 五四新文學
  • 現代
  • 傳統
  • 抒情
  • 離散
  • Mu Xin
  • May Fourth new literature
  • Modern
  • Tradition
  • Lyricism
  • Diaspora
  • Alt. title: Mu Xin and the May Fourth new literautre
  • Theses and Dissertations
  • Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Education University of Hong Kong, 2019.