《易圖明辨》與儒道之辨

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

Abstract

十七世紀中葉,受到明亡清興的震盪,儒者全面藉由回歸傳統的經典,從事新的研究工作。他們注意到原屬於道教的思想學說闌入儒學,尤其集中於《易》學之中,茲事體大,必須將儒道之間的界線劃分清楚。本文所稱的「儒道之辨」,指的就是當時儒者的這一項工作。胡涓《易圖明辨》一直被視為當時最具代表性、最能窮溯本末的一部《易》學著作。本文除前言和結論外,主要分為四個部分:1.介紹《易圖明辨》的寫作背景,以見胡渭生平及其進入儒道之辨論辯的歷程;2.分析《易圖明辨》的整體撰著方法;3.分析《易圖明辨》對《易》圖源流發展中重要的三個問題所作的分判;4.分析「儒道之辨」的三個歷程,即「破」、「立」及「補」,以見《易圖明辨》一書在學術史上的位置。結論認為,在「儒道之辨」的第一階段,學者直接攻擊北宋以降的《易》圖之學,著意於「破」而非「立」;胡涓《易圖明辨》標誌了第二個階段,為歷代《易》圖種種相關的學說尋覓其各自的源流歸屬,在這基礎上再行評價,亦即重在「立」而非「破」。第一、第二階段所未解決的關於朱子《易》圖思想的問題,歷經王懋竑及紀昀等學者的辨正,重在補充,則為第三階段。
This paper discusses Hu Wei's I-t'u ming-pien and the movement to distinguish Confucianism from Taoism in the mid-17th century. In response to the collapse of the Ming dynasty and the Manchurian conquest, Chinese scholars devoted themselves to rejuvenating Confucianism to rebuild a new, stronger cultural and scholarly environment. Part of their task was to purge the ideas and doctrines of Taoism prevalent in the tradition of I-t'u study (the study of diagrams used by traditional scholars to explain the I Ching and its theory) since the northern Sung dynasty. The I-t'u ming-pien was among the most well- known and influential works devoted to this aim.This paper consists of four sections. The first describes the historical background that led Hu Wei to write his book; the second explores the analytical method of the book; the third discusses three main problems in the tradition of I-t'u study and Hu's proposed solutions; and the fourth analyzes the three main stages of the movement to distinguish Confucianism from Taoism in the mid-17th century. Copyright © 2000 中央研究院中國文哲研究所.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)431-465
Journal中國文哲研究集刊
Volume17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2000

Citation

鄭吉雄(2000):《易圖明辨》與儒道之辨,《中國文哲研究集刊》,17,頁431-465。

Keywords

  • 胡渭
  • 易圖
  • 易圖明辨
  • 儒道之辨
  • Hu Wei
  • Diagram
  • Figure
  • Ching
  • Alt. title: I-t'u Ming-pien and the distinction between Confucianism and Taoism