教學內容知識中教學策略和表徵的區別:兩位教師新詩教學的個案研究

周健, 霍秉坤

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

Abstract

背景:在關於教學內容知識(pedagogical content knowledge, PCK)的研究中,教學「策略」(strategies)和「表徵」(representation)這兩個概念非常重要,但二者的意義和使用十分含混。

目的:本研究的目的在深入理解教師課堂教學中,教師以教學策略和表徵展示教學內容知識的概況,從而分析教師教學手段。

對象:本文嘗試以兩位中國語文科教師的課堂,區別教學內容知識中教學策略和表徵的分別。

方法:本研究以訪談及觀課,了解兩位教師的教學手段的資料。

結果:研究結果顯示,教師運用表徵呈現教學內容,除要具備一般教學策略外,更要結合學科特點,熟悉學科中建構知識的方法。

總結:表徵比策略更為具體、細緻和深入,更能體現教師的PCK。從研究的角度而言,區別教學策略和表徵,有助分析更複雜的教學手段。

Background: In inquiry of pedagogical content knowledge, the teaching strategies and representation were two important concepts. However, the meanings of these two concepts were sometimes confused. 

Aims: This article tried to distinguish teaching strategies and representation in PCK, in order to help the analysis of teaching methods. 

Sample: This study invited two Chinese Language teachers to participate in interviews and lesson observations. 

Method: Their responses in interviews and details of their lessons being observed were collected and analyzed. 

Results: The results showed that the teachers employed different focuses in their lessons, which demonstrated different levels, and the range of using teaching strategies and representation in PCK. 

Conclusion: It was concluded that the using of teaching strategies and representation in PCK authentically depended on the focus and content of teaching, the description of using both concepts could cover the variety and classifications of teaching methods more broadly and precisely. Copyright © 2011 Hong Kong Teachers' Association (HKTA).

Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)51-58
Journal香港教育曙光
Volume59
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Citation

周健和霍秉坤(2011):教學內容知識中教學策略和表徵的區別:兩位教師新詩教學的個案研究,《教育曙光》,59(3),頁51-58。

Keywords

  • Alt. title: The differences of instructional strategies and representation in pedagogical content knowledge: Insights from teaching of new poems
  • Alt. title: The difference between strategies and representation in pedagogical content knowledge: A case study of modern poem lessons of two teachers
  • 教師
  • 教學內容知識
  • 中國語文
  • Pedagogical content knowledge
  • Teaching strategies and representation
  • Chinese language teachers