提問中的回饋策略比較:「普教中」和「廣教中」的語文課堂教學

余婉兒

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

「用普通話教中文」(普教中)是香港近年基礎教育的中國語文教學新趨勢,課堂的教學媒介語由粵方言(香港人的母語)轉為普通話,同時尚有獨立的普通話科教學,且並不視為母語教學,給判別為第二語言或介於第一二語言間的語言教學。
「普教中」既構成了多方面的困境,也出現了教與學發展的契機。學生、教師由早期對「普教中」的抗拒、不適應,至近年的接受並在教與學方面的素質不斷提升,實超出教育當局、語文教育工作者的預期。多年來,先導者在「普教中」園地裏的開墾和建設,不同層次和角色的語文教育工作者所開展的各類教學和研究的探索,皆以期提升「普教中」這新語境中的語文教學效能。各方先導者積極開發的元素,由實證行動而來的經驗總結,可提供予開始了或仍未開始「普教中」的學校和教師參照和啟示。
「促進評估的學習」是20世紀80年代以後基礎教育改革的世界性取向,在教學實踐中,課堂上的提問、回饋是重要且有效促進學生學習的評估策略。本研究通過觀察及分析一位教師同時任教同一級「用普通話教中文」及「用廣州話教中文」兩班學生的課堂實踐,比較分析教師在「普教中」和「廣教中」不同教學媒介語的影響下,語文課堂的提問和回饋策略的異同,以檢視及提煉「普教中」的有效提問和回饋策略。
Teaching Chinese Language using Putonghua as the medium of instruction (PMIC) has been a new trend in Hong Kong in recent years. The use of Cantonese, mother tongue of the majority of Hong Kong people, in Chinese language classes (CMIC) has changed to Putonghua. At the same time, Putonghua is itself an independent subject. The use of PMIC has led to some problems but it also provides opportunities for teaching and learning development. At the very beginning teachers and students were rather resistant and found it difficult to adapt. In recent years, teachers are more receptive and the quality of teaching and learning has continuously enhanced. Teaching and related researches conducted in the pilot PMIC schools have sufficiently provided sampler experiences for other school teachers, especially those from non-PMIC schools.
Assessment for learning is a world trend since the 1980s. In classroom teaching, questioning and feedback are important assessment strategies for student learning. This study observes and analyses two classes (one PMIC and the other CMIC) of the same level by the same teacher. It examines the differences and similarities between questioning and feedback strategies in both classes in order to identify effective questioning and feedback strategies for PMIC. Copyright © 2017 中華書局(香港)有限公司.
Original languageChinese
Title of host publication《漢語教學與文化新探》
Editors 施仲謀 , 廖佩莉
Place of Publication香港
Publisher中華書局
Pages109-128
ISBN (Print)9789888489343
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

Citation

余婉兒 (2017):提問中的回饋策略比較:「普教中」和「廣教中」的語文課堂教學,輯於施仲謀等主編《漢語教學與文化新探》,(頁 109-128),香港,中華書局。

Keywords

  • 普教中
  • 廣教中
  • 提問
  • 回饋
  • 促進學習的評估
  • PMIC
  • CMIC
  • Feedback of questioning
  • Assessment for Learning
  • Alt. title: Feedback strategy of questioning: Comparison of different medium of instruction in Chinese language teaching