從「詩無邪」到「興於詩,立於禮,成於樂」

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Abstract

孔子繼承了春秋詩教的讀詩與用詩觀念,以恢復周禮為己任。《論語》的詩論主要是針對《詩經》「思無邪」的特點,而「興於詩,立於禮,成於樂」則是孔子的教學過程。孔子認為《詩經》內容豐,真情流露,在教學時必須以禮和樂約束學生的思想和行為。《詩經》是具體的文本,在學習上來說是較為容易掌握的;從《詩經》的內容與表達形式到禮的道德意義和儀式是對文本的深究;樂是根據禮儀而訂定的,所以須在掌握禮儀後才能學習相配的樂曲以鞏固所學。
Confucius inherited the practices of learning and application of poem-teaching approach in the Spring and Autumn Period to restore the rites of Zhou as his personal responsibility. The key point of the poem-teaching approach in the Confucian Analects is on the special connotation of the phrase "The horses are running around on errands" (思無邪) and the sentence "It is by the poems that the mind is aroused of; it is by the rites that the character is established; it is from music that the finish is consolidated" (興於詩,立於禮,成於樂) is the teaching stages of Confucius. Confucius thought that the Book of Songs was rich in knowledge and revealed true sentiment of writers and therefore it is necessary to regulate students’ thought and behaviour through rites and music. The Book of Songs is a concrete text and therefore it is easier for students to learn. From the contents and style to the moral values of the rites and ritual ceremonies is an advance study on the concrete text. Music is made according to the rites and ritual ceremonies and therefore it can only be learned at a later stage to consolidate what have learned. Copyright © 2009 東北師範大學.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)104-109
Journal東北師大學報 (哲學社會科學版)
Volume2009
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Citation

湯浩堅(2009):從「詩無邪」到「興於詩,立於禮,成於樂」,《東北師大學報 (哲學社會科學版)》,2009(1),頁104-109。

Keywords

  • 孔子
  • 《論語》
  • 《詩經》
  • 詩教
  • 《孔子詩論》
  • 中國古代教育
  • Confucius
  • Confucian analects
  • Book of song
  • Poem-teaching approach
  • Confucius’s poem theory
  • Education in ancient Chinese
  • Alt. title: On poetic study in Confucian Analects