幼兒的心靈、道德和價值的發展:香港幼稚園的個案研究

曾家洛, 劉卓輝

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

Abstract

幼兒的道德和價值成長已成為教育界和社會的重要課題。不少教育學者指出,心靈元素有助培養幼兒對自我、他人和事物的情感與意識,促進價值觀的發展。到底香港的幼稚園如何以心靈元素培育幼兒的道德價值呢?基於歷史因素,香港約半數幼稚園為宗教團體所興辦,這些學校又怎樣將宗教文化和心靈元素結合在德育課程中?本文透過理論探討和對四所學校的質性研究,指出香港幼稚園從「對生命意義和價值的追求」以及「關係性」兩個重要的心靈元素出發,培養幼兒的價值觀。具有宗教背景的幼稚園更將宗教文化視為穩定的價值體系,用以培育兒童的「自我超越」元素。綜合而言,香港幼兒教育的這一取向,有助培養和促進幼兒的道德和價值發展,為兒童未來能明辨是非作準備。
The development of morality and values in young children has become an important issue for those involved in education and for society in general. Spirituality is promoted and encouraged by some education scholars as being beneficial in nurturing children’s compassion and awareness of self, others and the outer world, and in consequence their own morality and values development. As a legacy of history, half of the schools in Hong Kong are sponsored by religious organizations. The way in which these schools integrate religion and spiritual components into the moral education curriculum is thus noteworthy. Using theoretical discussion and the qualitative study of four kindergartens, this paper demonstrates that Hong Kong kindergartens try to foster the development of children’s values by introducing essential spiritual components such as the ‘pursuit of values and meanings of life’ and ‘relationality’. ‘Self-transcendence’ in children is also nurtured in kindergartens having a religious foundation through the use of religious cultures as a stable values system. In sum, the approach used by Hong Kong kindergartens is beneficial and significant to early childhood moral and values development, and enables future development of children’s ethical judgment. Copyright © 2012 The Hong Kong Institute of Education.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)92-98
Journal香港幼兒學報
Volume11
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

Citation

曾家洛和劉卓輝(2012):幼兒的心靈、道德和價值的發展:香港幼稚園的個案研究,《香港幼兒學報》,11(1/2),頁92-98。

Keywords

  • Spirituality, morality and values in young children’s development: Case studies of Hong Kong kindergartens