基於語篇的ACEF評價性閱讀教學策略:以新加坡華文教材為例

邱佳琪, 謝育芬, 吳寶發

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

基於語篇的“評價”指在理解語篇意義的基礎上,對人物與思想內容進行價值判斷,提出自己的看法並說明理由。評價既是閱讀理解中重要的一環,也屬於高階思維的理解層次。但目前的華文教學仍缺乏針對評價性閱讀教學的教學策略,相關的研究也較為少見。在缺少有效輸入的情況下,大部分學生難以掌握評價的重點與技能無法做出完整的評價,評價能力往往較弱。因此本文的目的在於探討ACEF評價教學策略與評價能力的評估方式,為評價性閱讀教學提供明確的方向,以有效提升教師的教學效率與學生的評價能力。本文先通過REAP(Read,讀取、Encode,轉譯、Annotate,評注、Ponder,反思)進行語篇教學,再從新加坡華文教材評價題中歸納出兩種主要題型,並分析其特點與所需技能設計出由分析(Analyze)、聯結(Connect)、評價(Evaluate)、回饋(Feedback)等四個環節所構成的ACEF評價教學策略,後提供評量表以評估學生的評價能力。論文主要探討ACEF評價性閱讀教學策略的設計,包括教學流程、評量表與教案示例。此教學策略已通過實證研究證實其有效性,在新加坡中學進行為期一年的教學實踐與觀察,前後測資料及教師回饋都反映了此教學策略的正面效果。
This paper proposes the ACEF (Analyze-Connect-Evaluate-Feedback) framework for enhancing the teaching of evaluative reading. The authors believe that evaluation is an essential component of reading comprehension as well as higher order thinking competency. Students' performance in evaluation, however, is generally poor due to a lack of relevant teaching strategies and effective inputs. To address the issue, the authors therefore attempt to construct a systematic and operational teaching strategy of evaluative reading and assessment and have come up with the ACEF teaching strategy. In designing the strategy, the authors first analyzed the features of the evaluative questions from Singapore Chinese teaching materials and past examination papers. The evaluative questions were then categorized into two major types according to these features. The ACEF framework encapsulates the skills required to answer the two types of evaluative questions. Under the ACEF strategy, the teaching process begins with the “REAP” reading strategy, to be followed by the ACEF framework for evaluative reading. The framework is complemented with rubrics for assessment of evaluation competency. This paper elaborates the strategy and includes a sample teaching plan. The ACEF strategy was implemented in a school over a span of 1 year and statistics showed positive results. Statistical data will be presented in a separate publication. Copyright © 2014 新加坡華文教研中心.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)35-51
Journal華文學刊
Volume12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014

Citation

邱佳琪、謝育芬和吳寶發(2014):基於語篇的ACEF評價性閱讀教學策略:以新加坡華文教材為例,《華文學刊》,12(1),頁35-51。

Keywords

  • 評價
  • 閱讀教學
  • ACEF評價教學策略
  • 評量表
  • 新加坡華文教材
  • 教案
  • Evaluation
  • Teaching reading
  • ACEF evaluative teaching strategy
  • Rubrics
  • Singapore Chinese teaching material
  • Lesson plan
  • Alt. title: ACEF teaching strategy of discourse-based evaluative reading: Based on Singapore Chinese teaching materials