基於語料庫的量詞「根」和「條」與名詞搭配的研究

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

本文從認知角度分析了漢語量詞「根」和「條」的源詞原型,以及與其搭配的名詞範疇化的標準和過程,勾勒出量詞和名詞搭配規律形成的糢式。繼而基於語料庫資料统計,揭示了兩個量詞與名詞的搭配規則:具有[+三維體(柱形)]屬性的實體名詞配用量詞「根」,具有[+(—維)延伸性]屬性的名詞配用量詞「條」。文章又通過探究「一名多量」現象的認知視角,提出了量詞和名詞搭配的「優選適配原則」。
This paper analyses the prototype of Chinese classifiers “根” (read as G ē n) and “條” (read as Tiáo); and their collocations with nouns in terms of the categorization criterion and the process, so as to outline the formation patterns on regular collocations between classifiers and nouns. Further to that, the paper makes use of the corpus data to reveal the rules of collocations between each of two classifiers and nouns: any concrete noun that is cylindrical (three dimensional) normally collocates with ”根”, while those have the extending characteristic (one dimensional) collocate with “條”. Throughout the analysis on a cognitive perspective of the phenomenon about “one noun collocates with multiple classifiers”, the paper also suggests a “Prior Collocation Rule” between nouns and classifiers. Copyright © 2016 中華書局.
Original languageChinese
Title of host publication《漢語教學與研究新探》
Editors 施仲謀
Place of Publication香港
Publisher中華書局
Pages327-339
ISBN (Print)9789888420070
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016

Citation

周立 (2016):基於語料庫的量詞「根」和「條」與名詞搭配的研究,輯於施仲謀主編《漢語教學與研究新探》,(頁 327-339),香港,中華書局。

Keywords

  • 認知
  • 語料庫
  • 量詞
  • 搭配
  • 視角
  • Cognitive
  • Corpus
  • Classifier
  • Collocation
  • Perspective
  • Alt. title: A corpus-based analysis of Chinese classifiers “(Gēn)” and “Tiáo)” and their collocations with nouns