基於文體教學的記敘文要素分析表:結合新加坡華文教材進行閱讀教學與教案設計

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

Abstract

閱讀教學包含了不同文體的教學,而作為各種語篇結構類型基礎的記敘文,除了是閱讀材料中的主要文體,相應的記敘文分析方法也是閱讀教學中不可或缺的部分。因此本文從文體教學的角度剖析記敘文的構成模式,並概括出背景、人物、事件這三個主要要素及其相應的描寫層面,通過三種文本分析表說明記敘文的主要文本特徵。背景分析表包含時間、地點、氣氛;人物分析表包括人物的生活狀態、外型、想法、話語、行為、人物關係、人物互動方式等層面;事件分析表則包含事件的開端、發展、衝突、轉折、結局、影響或評論。本文也進一步結合新加坡中學華文教材,借由文本分析與教案展示如何通過分析表進行記敘文教學,為閱讀教學提供具體的教學設計與應用示例。
Teaching of reading usually involves the teaching of different text genres. The narrative text is a main genre while the narrative structure is a basic element in the structure of different genres. Therefore, it is imperative for reading lessons to include the teaching of narrative text analysis. Based on genre pedagogy, the author has identified three main elements of the narrative text - Setting, Character and Event. Setting includes time, place, and atmosphere of the whole text. Character comprises the main characters' current/past conditions, appearances, thoughts, discourse, actions, and also their relationships and interactions with other characters. Event consists of orientations, complications, conflicts, transitions, resolutions, influence/evaluations of main events occurred in the text. Through a sample teaching design and lesson plan using Singapore Chinese teaching materials, this paper demonstrates how to apply tabular analyses of narrative texts structure to enhance the effectiveness of the teaching of reading narrative texts. Copyright © 2015 新加坡華文教研中心.
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)81-96
Journal華文學刊
Volume25
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015

Citation

邱佳琪(2015):基於文體教學的記敘文要素分析表:結合新加坡華文教材進行閱讀教學與教案設計,《華文學刊》,25,頁81-96。

Keywords

  • 記敘文
  • 閱讀教學
  • 文本分析
  • 文體教學
  • 背景
  • 人物
  • 事件
  • Narrative
  • Teaching of reading
  • Text analysis
  • Genre pedagogy
  • Setting
  • Character
  • Event
  • Alt. title: Teaching of reading through tabular analysis of narrative text structures based on genre pedagogy: A sample teaching design and lesson plan using Singapore Chinese teaching materials