在資源與制度之間:草根農民工維權NGO的生存策略:以珠三角農民工維權NGO為例

和經緯, 黃培茹, 黃慧

Research output: Contribution to journalArticles

Abstract

觀察中國民間社會的發展,對草根組織的研究必不可少。近十年來,珠江三角洲嚴峻的勞權狀況和政府、工會的缺位,催生出一批草根性農民工維權NGO。在中國民間非政府組織整體生存環境不佳的大背景下,由於涉及“勞權”、“人權”等的敏感議題,農民工維權NGO的發展舉步維艱。面對制度和資源的雙重制約,草根NGO為了生存,採取了一系列策略。它們的生存狀況與所持的政治意識形態和維權理念密切相關;為了補充合法性資源,草根組織不得不著眼於制度外的道義正當性,以期獲得社會的支持以及政府的默認;草根組織試圖通過建立顧問委員會、理事會等方式獲得知識精英的背書,有的還訴諸與政府官員的個人聯系。新近出現的自體制內組建的NGO為研究珠三角農民工維權NGO提供了新素材。
Studying the grassroots organizations is indispensible if one wants to investigate the evolvement of China’s folk societies. Over the past two decades,the serious problem with the workers’ labor rights and the absence of intervention by the government or the workers’ union in the Pearl River Delta have brought about a constellation of grassroots NGOs to protect the rural migrant workers’ rights. However, it has been very difficult for these NGOs to function in this overall unfavorable existential environment for non-government organizations in China, where labor rights and human rights are highly sensitive issues. Facing the dual institutional and resource constraints, these grassroots NGOs have been using a number of survival strategies. Their existential state correlates closely with their political ideology and right-protective ideas. They have to rely upon the moral legitimacy beyond the institution in order to obtain social support and the silent recognition from the government. They have also set up consulting committees and/or boards of directors to seek endorsement from the intellectual elite. Some even resort to personal relations with government officers. The recent NGOs constructed within the constitution have provided new data for studies on the rural migrant workers’ right-protecting NGOs in the Pearl River Delta. Copyright © 2009 上海大學.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)1-21
Journal社會
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Citation

和經緯、黃培茹和黃慧(2009):在資源與制度之間:草根農民工維權NGO的生存策略:以珠三角農民工維權NGO為例,《社會》,29(6),頁1-21。

Keywords

  • 草根組織
  • NGO
  • 策略
  • 農民工
  • 維權
  • 珠三角
  • Grassroots organization
  • The Pearl River Delta
  • Protecting rights
  • Rural migrant worker
  • Strategy
  • Alt. title: Sandwiched between resources and institutions: Survival strategies of rural migrant workers’ grassroots NGOs