協同深入推進STEM教育的發展:基於我國香港特別行政區政策和實踐的啟示

方旭, 史妮娜, 蘇詠梅

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

為了推動STEM教育的深入發展,我國香港特別行政區相關機構相繼推出一系列檔,包括《STEM教育提升——釋放創新潛力》報告、《推動STEM+(科學、技術、工程和數學)教育》報告和《前線STEM教師支援政策研究報告》等。這幾個文件內容一脈相承,後面兩個文件是第一個文件的補充和擴展。在上述政策的指引下,香港中小學進行了STEM教育實踐。通過對香港中小學STEM教育的分析發現,香港STEM教育的推動具有如下特點:高度重視STEM教育發展,頂層設計,統一推進;在充分實證的基礎上制定相關策略;多方面協同推進,大力促進STEM教育的深入發展,具體包括更新科學、技術、數學教育課程,重視學生學習活動的參與,提供學和教的資源,提升學校和教師的專業發展,加強合作和宣傳好的實踐案例等;舉措具體可行;在所有中小學全面鋪開。我國香港特別行政區STEM教育的發展給了內地一定的啟示,包括:充分認識STEM教育的重要性和緊迫性,出台具體明確的STEM發展規劃;在充分調查的基礎上制定相關政策;多方面協同,共同推進,具體包括持續進行課程的更新、提供多種形式的豐富的教學資源、組織各類學習活動、與各個利益相關者進行合作、注重教師的專業發展、注重核心素養的培養;全面鋪開。
STEM education is being attempted and practiced in many countries (regions) nowadays. Related organizations of Hong Kong launch series of files to promote STEM education, including Report on Promotion of STEM Education Unleashing Potential in Innovation, Propelling STEM+ (Science, Technology, Project and Mathematics) Education and Research Report of Supporting Policy of Teachers on the Front. The contents of these files come down in one continuous line, the following two files are the supplement and extension of the first file. These files show that promotion of STEM education of Hong Kong has following characteristics: attaching importance to STEM education, designing in the top and promoting it consistently; making policy based on empirical research; promoting STEM education adopting multiple measures collaboratively; action is specific and feasible; spreading in all schools in Hong Kong. This brings to us many enlightenment: fully recognizing the importance and urgency of STEM education,and introducing specific STEM development programs; making policy based on empirical research; promoting STEM education adopting multiple measures collaboratively; having STEM education in more schools, including elementary and secondary school located in western areas and the countryside. Copyright © 2019 信陽師範學院.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)70-76
Journal信陽師範學院學報(哲學社會科學版)
Volume39
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Bibliographical note

方旭、史妮娜和蘇詠梅(2019):協同深入推進STEM教育的發展:基於我國香港特別行政區政策和實踐的啟示,《信陽師範學院學報(哲學社會科學版)》,39(2),頁70-76。

Keywords

  • STEM教育
  • 香港
  • 政策
  • 特點
  • 啟示
  • Hong Kong
  • Files
  • Characteristics
  • Enlightenment
  • Alt. title: Promoting STEM education in a coordinated way: Based on the enlightenment of policy and practice of STEM education in Hong Kong