初探特定型語言障礙的分類與發展轉變

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

特定型語言障礙患者智慧、聽力正常,沒有精神疾病,在正常環境中成長,但出現語言發展遲緩或異常。由於這種障礙的臨床鑒定是以排除障礙成因為主要手段,因此患者之間的語言能力與困難存有相當大的差異性。本文以特定型語言障礙兒童在發展過程中的語言轉變為縱軸,以臨床語言障礙分類為橫綱,從十六位語障兒童在為時兩年的縱向研究中的表現,探討漢語特定型語言障礙兒童的語言發展歷程。結果顯示,被試者中出現類似語音語法障礙和詞匯語法障礙的個案最多。他們在兩年內表現出一定程度的語言成長。從八項語言測試分析各種臨床與障礙分類的語言特徵,只有“詞匯語法障礙”一類出現類似亞型的群聚發展變化。不過由於本次研究樣本數少,所使用工具並未標準化,因此特定型語言障礙亞型的存在與否,仍需要進一步探究。
Children with specific language impairment( SLI) are those with unexplained language delay or disorders. Because of the exclusionary criteria in identifying children with SLI, linguistic performance of children in the group varies drastically. This study aims to examine the linguistic development of children with SLI by comparing changes in profile of different clinical subgroups. A total of 16 children were followed in a two-year longitudinal study and they were tested with 8 different language tasks at four different time points. The results showed that phonological-syntactic disorder and lexical-syntactic disorders were the two common subtypes. However, only children of the lexical-syntactic subtype displayed common features in their course of development.However, due to the constraint of sample size and the use of non-standardized tools, further investigation is needed to clarify issues related to subtypes in SLI. Copyright © 2018 南京師範大學文學院.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)1-9
Journal南京師範大學文學院學報
Volume2018
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

Citation

張顯達(2018):初探特定型語言障礙的分類與發展轉變,《南京師範大學文學院學報》,2018(3),頁1-9。

Keywords

  • 語言障礙
  • 兒童語言發展
  • 特定型語言障礙
  • Language disorders
  • Language development
  • Specific language impairment
  • Alt. title: A preliminary study of subtypes and developmental changes in specific language impairment