公共行政的範式轉變與本土觀照:對中美兩國大學公共行政導論課程教學提綱的經驗研究

和經緯, 吳遜

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

範式是公共行政學演進的坐標。公共行政學發展至今,歷經數個主導範式。隨著新公共管理式微,一些新的範式出現。但是現在的學術界(尤其是中國)有太多的理論演繹,而經驗研究卻是鳳毛麟角。論文選擇對課程教學提綱的分析作為經驗研究的操作化策略,對收集到的中美兩國48所大學MPA導論課程的課程提綱進行分析。研究發現,課程提綱背後所反映的範式取向中,中國方面多集中於新公共管理和傳統公共行政,而美國則以傳統公共行政為主流,其他新興範式亦有反映。中國公共行政學應該強化本土觀照,真正找到能夠解釋獨一無二的中國實踐的範式理論。
Paradigms mark the evolution of public administration study and several paradigms have dominated it over years. A couple of new competing paradigms has emerged while the New Public Management(NPM)has been declining. However, too many theoretical discussions have flooded in the research of public administration whereas a lack of empirical support is remarkable.In order to measure, rather than argue about the paradigm shift, the authors chose to examine the syllabi of public administration courses which facilitate a sound operationalization. 48 syllabi of introductory courses of MPA programs from both US and China were collected, coded and analyzed.Research findings revealed the overwhelming influence of traditional public administration and new public management in Chinese syllabi; in the US side, the dominance of traditional public administration was visible while other emerging competing paradigms have also obtained their seats. A severe lack of local focus has been hampering the development of Chinese public administration research. Much attention should be paid to local issues and a real set of Chinese public administration paradigms will undoubtedly not only be able to explain the unique China’s experience but also boost the development of public administration research in this country. Copyright © 2008 廣東人民出版社有限公司;廣東省治理現代化研究所.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)167-183
Journal公共行政評論
Volume2008
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Citation

和經緯和吳遜(2008):公共行政的範式轉變與本土觀照:對中美兩國大學公共行政導論課程教學提綱的經驗研究,《公共行政評論》,2008(6),頁167-183。

Keywords

  • 公共行政學
  • 範式轉變
  • 教學提綱
  • Public administration
  • Paradigm shift
  • Syllabus
  • Alt. title: Paradigm shift of public administration and its localizing mission: An empirical study of public administration syllabi from US and China