信息技術應用對改善鄉村教育的影響研究:以小學語文教學為例

李沫彥

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Theses

Abstract

鄉村教育是中國教育的重要組成部分,鄉村教育的改善是當前及今後階段實現“鄉村振興” 1的關鍵因素之一。在此背景下,本研究立足於對鄉村教育的田野調查和文獻調查,分析鄉村教育的實際問題,結合信息技術輔助下的教學場景的實際應用,以及信息加工學習理論、支架式教學理論的研究,分析信息技術應用在實際教學開展中的功能,提出信息技術輔助下的小學語文教學活動設計模型,並予以實踐。

為了獲得較為客觀真實的研究結果,本研究過程中運用了文獻研究、問卷調查、教學實驗、個體訪談等研究方法,在信息技術應用的基礎上對鄉村小學語文學科教學活動設計模型進行發展性探討,選取了廣東省潮州市一所較偏遠的小學作為教學實驗的研究案例,結合鄉村教育實際、小學語文課程特色,根據實驗需要選擇“一起作業” APP 作為教學工具,開展了改善鄉村小學語文課堂教學的實證研究,運用信息加工學習理論、支架式教學理論的相關知識,借助該 APP 提供的預習功能、智能備課功能、作業功能等優化教學活動設計,提出“學情分析”“精准教學”等教學策略,以提高學生主動學習的興趣,培養學科思維,實現語文教學的目標,並根據實驗效果完善迭代教學設計。在教學效果評估方面,本研究設計和收集了: 1.語文科前後測試卷的成績; 2.基於《關於“一起作業” APP 的使用調查》問卷; 3.開放式訪談等三種調查方法的數據結果進行綜合分析。根據各項證據,提出了關於改進教學設計、 改進語文科教學設計、促進鄉村教師專業能力的建議。

As is an important part of China’s education, and the improvement of rural education is one of the key factors to achieve rural revitalization in the current and future stages. In this context, in order to conduct a developmental discussion on the design model of Chinese teaching activities in rural primary schools, this study selected a primary school in the remote region of Chaozhou City, Guangdong Province as a teaching experiment case. Based on the field investigation and literature investigation of rural education, this study analyzes the practical problems of rural education. With employing the practical application of teaching scenes assisted by information technology, as well as the research on information processing learning theory and scaffolding teaching theory, this paper analyzes the function of information technology application in practical teaching, proposes the design model of Chinese teaching activities in primary schools assisted by information technology, and puts it into practice.
In order to obtain more objective and actual research results, this study adopted literature research, questionnaire survey, teaching experiment, individual interview and other research methods to improve the iterative teaching design. In addition, information teaching tools were used to improve teaching strategies and students' active interest in learning, and train the subject thinking of students, so as to achieve the goal of Chinese teaching. In terms of teaching effectiveness evaluation, this study designed and collected:1. Test scores of Chinese before and after;2. Questionnaires based on the Use of ‘17 Student App’ (“一起作业 APP” ) ;3. Comprehensive analysis of data results of three survey methods, including open interview. Finally, this paper puts forward some suggestions on the way of improving teaching design, teaching quality, students' thinking ability and rural teachers' professional ability. All rights reserved.
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • 信息技術輔助教學
  • 鄉村教育
  • 小學語文
  • 教學設計
  • 教學質量
  • IT-assisted teaching
  • Rural education
  • Primary Chinese language
  • Teaching design
  • Teaching quality
  • Alt. title: Research on the impact of information technology application on improving rural education: A case study of Chinese language teaching in primary schools
  • Theses and Dissertations
  • Thesis (Ed.D.)--The Education University of Hong Kong, 2021.