丹陽話的“嵌入式”變調

侍建國

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

丹陽話的 "後退型" 變調 (即由24-24變42-24) 在音系學界曾引起熱烈討論,但對它的變調律至今仍缺少合理的解釋。本文從兩個方面分析該調式的特性:一是它的基調特征,一是它的擴展類型。筆者認為,"後退型" 變調是丹陽話六個變調式裡唯一以末字為主導成分、以倒數第二音節 (penult) 為異化成分的調式,該調式的擴展為倒數第二音節位置上的逐字 "嵌入"。
The complex "backward" sandhi pattern (i.e., surface [42-24] derived from underlying [24-24] and its domain extension) of the Danyang dialect has extensively been discussed for some time with plausible explanations for its phonological rules unavailable. This article argues that there are two major features that affect this sandhi pattern: one is that the penult syllable demonstrates a tonal form reversal of the final syllable which dominates the domain; and the other is that a syllable insertion occurs in the penultimate of the domain. Copyright © 2008 中國社會科學院語言研究所.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)339-348
Journal中國語文
Volume2008
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Citation

侍建國(2008):丹陽話的“嵌入式”變調,《中國語文》,2008(4),頁339-348。

Keywords

  • 連字調
  • 基調
  • 倒數第二音節
  • 嵌入式異化
  • Sandhi tone of syllables
  • Basic sandhi pattern
  • Penult syllable
  • Tonal dissimilation of inserted syllable
  • Alt. title: Insertion rules of tone sandhi in the Danyang dialect