中學古詩文生命意識解讀研究

簡振雷

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Theses

Abstract

《中學語文課程標準》對古詩文教學的生命體驗意義和價值作出了明確的表述:中學階段是人格成長的關鍵時期,此階段的古詩文文本解讀的意義不僅在於知識,更重要的是在於對青年學子生命體驗的喚醒、激發和生命價值的建構。但在具體的教學實施階段, 中學古詩文的解讀不盡如人意:枯燥而乏味的對譯和串講、人云亦云的主旨分析、聲光電等非文本手段的濫用、盲目的課外拓展等等,使得當下中學古詩文文本解讀正在背離學生的生命體驗。本文從一線教師的角度,提出生命意識解讀的方法並採用閱讀測驗與問卷調查結合的形式,比較了同組學生在運用了相應文本解讀策略前後的差異。研究結果顯示,中學古詩文的文本解讀策略不同,學生生命體驗的效果不同,包括注重誦讀、 關注文體識別、把握表現物件的特點、揣摩作者的態度、鑒賞手法、在整體感知文本主旨基礎上的猜詞猜句以及單元貫通等解讀策略可以比較好地促進學生生命意識的成長。
The Curriculum Standard of Middle School Chinese has made a clear statement on the significance and the value of life experience in ancient Chinese poetry and prose teaching: middle school period is the key time of students’ personality development and the significance of interpreting ancient poetry and prose in this period lies not only in imparting knowledge, but more importantly, in awakening and inspiring life experience of students, and constructing life value of them. However, the concrete implementation of teaching is far from satisfactory ---- dull translation and explaination, similar theme analysis without personal insights, the abuse of multimedia tools, excessive and sloppy extracurricular expansion and etc., which make the current interpretation of ancient Chinese poetry and prose in middle schools deviate from students' life experience. From the perspective of frontline teachers, this dissertation puts forward the method of interpretation of life awareness. By adopting reading tests and questionnaire surveys together, the research compares the differences before and after applying corresponding text interpretation strategy of students in the same group. Results show that different text interpretation strategies in ancient poetry and prose lead to the difference in the effect of students' life experience. Strategies that can well promote the development of students' life awareness include: putting emphasis on reading and reciting, paying attention to style recognition, grasping the features of the subject being addressed, inferring author's attitude, appreciating the technique, guessing words and sentences meaning based on the overall perception of text theme and digesting information throughout the whole unit. All rights reserved.
Original languageChinese
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • 中學
  • 古詩文
  • 生命意識
  • 解讀策略
  • 教師素養
  • Middle school
  • Ancient Chinese poetry and prose
  • Life awareness
  • Interpretation strategy
  • Teacher qualities
  • Alt. title: A study of life awareness interpretation in ancient Chinese poetry and prose appeared in middle school period
  • Theses and Dissertations
  • Thesis (Ed.D.)--The Education University of Hong Kong, 2019.