中國陰陽五行的「家族相似」結構:先秦到西漢中葉

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Abstract

在中國學術不同領域中,包括:醫學、天文、音樂,以至星命學說,均以陰陽五行理論為基礎。故近賢鄺芷人提出陰陽五行說,應稱為中國學術上的「一般系統理論」,然引用馮‧貝爾塔蘭菲 (Ludwig von Bertalanffy) 的「一般系統理論」來解釋陰陽五行系統,實有重大的學理困難。是故筆者擬採用維根斯坦 (Ludwig Wittgenstein) 的「家族相似」(family resemblance) 理論來作修正,使理論模型能更準確地描述與事實,來印證「家族相似」理論,解說中國陰陽五行說於思想史的發展,尤其是董仲舒在陰陽五行理論的一般化使用中所扮演的角色。
Kuang Zhiren 鄺芷人 has suggested that Yin-Yang and Five Element Theory should be described as the ”general systems theory” of Chinese academic disciplines. However, considerable theoretical difficulties exist if one cites Ludwig von Bertalanffy's ”general systems theory” to explain Yin-Yang and Five Element Theory. For this reason, the author of this thesis wishes instead to use Ludwig Wittgenstein's ”family resemblance” theory as a revised theoretical model to more accurately describe Yin-Yang and Five Element Theory. Consequently, this thesis will cite various treatises and historical facts related to the latter theory in support of the ”family resemblance” structure, from prior to and during the Western and Eastern Han dynasties. This thesis will explain the development of Yin-Yang and Five Element Theory in the context of the history of ideology in China. In particular, it will also explore the role of Dong Zhongshu 董仲舒 in the general application of the theory. Copyright © 2009 國家圖書館.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)233-266
Journal漢學研究
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009

Citation

馮樹勳(2009):中國陰陽五行的「家族相似」結構:先秦到西漢中葉,《漢學研究》,27(2),頁233-266。

Keywords

  • 董仲舒
  • 陰陽五行
  • 一般系統理論
  • 家族相似
  • 同構
  • Dong Zhongshu董仲舒
  • Yin-Yang and five element theory
  • General systems theory
  • Family resemblance theory
  • Isomorphism
  • Alt. title: The family resemblance structure of Yin-Yang and five element theory in pre-Qin and mid-western Han period China