中古知莊章三組聲紐在河南鄭州、許昌、洛陽三地方言中的讀音研究

朱思達, 范孟雨

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapters

Abstract

知組,莊組和章組是《廣韻》音系裏的聲母,它們的讀音在《廣韻》音系裏各不相同,但在現代漢語裏發生了很大的變化,在許多方言區實現了合流,然而又有許多分化的現象存在。高本漢先生運用歷史比較語言法對《廣韻》音系進行了初步構擬(中國音韻教學課程)(高本漢,1995,頁10-15),後來學者在此基礎上的研究基本都立足於粵語、湘語、晉語,很少涉及中原官話,尤其是河南方言。河南鄭州、許昌、洛陽三地因其特殊的歷史地位,語言等非物質文化伴隨朝代的變遷,通過文字記錄和詩歌得以很好的保存。本文試圖從鄭州、許昌、洛陽這三座河南古城的語言現象出發,以中國社科院語言研究所編的《方言調查字表》中收納的字為發音參照,1 分析知、莊、章三組音在河南地區的發音現狀,並試圖為《廣韻》音系齒音的發音構擬提出新視角。
Zhizu, Zhuangzu and Zhangzu are the initials in the rhyme of Guangyun. Their pronunciation is different in the rhyme of Guangyun, but it has changed a lot in modern Chinese. The dialect area has achieved confluence, but there are many different phenomena. Mr. Gao Benhan used the historical comparative language method to construct the phonology of “Guangyun” (Chinese phonology course).  Later The scholars’ research on this basis is basically based on Cantonese, Xiang and Jin dialects, and rarely involves the Central Plains Mandarin, especially the Henan dialect. Due to its special historical status, non-material cultures such as language and the changes of the dynasty in Henan, Zhengzhou, Xuchang and Luoyang were well preserved through written records and poetry. This paper attempts to use the linguistic phenomena of the three ancient cities of Henan, Zhengzhou, Xuchang and Luoyang, and the words contained in the Dialect Survey Word List compiled by the Institute of Language Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences as pronunciation reference. Analyze the pronunciation of Zhizu, Zhuangzu and Zhangzu in the Henan area, and try to pronounce the pronunciation of the Guangyun Construct a new perspective. Copyright © 2019 商務印書館香港有限公司.
Original languageChinese
Title of host publication《中國語文教學新探》
Editors 施仲謀, 何志恆
Place of Publication香港
Publisher商務印書館
Pages143-152
ISBN (Print)9789620705601
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Citation

朱思達和范孟雨(2019):中古知莊章三組聲紐在河南鄭州、許昌、洛陽三地方言中的讀音研究,輯於施仲謀等編《中國語文教學新探》,(頁143-152),香港,商務印書館。

Keywords

  • PG student publication
  • 《廣韻》
  • 聲母
  • 古城方言讀音
  • 齒音構擬
  • “Guang Yun”
  • Initials
  • Ancient city dialect pronunciation
  • Alt. title: A phonological study of 3 middle Chinese initial consonants of Zhi, Zhuang, Zhang series in Zhengzhou, Xuchang and Luoyang local dialects in Henan province