中古漢語詞義研究札記

周俊勛, 朱慶之

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

將中古漢語詞語"貌哨"、"帀帀"、"空"納入從東漢到宋的整個語料背景中考察,可知"貌哨"不是一般理解的描寫容貌的詞,而是表示態度的形容詞;"帀帀"的詞義不是"形容水沸騰的樣子",而是"密集"的意思;"空"在中古時期具有"單一,素的"的詞義。之所以誤釋,是因為這些詞語的詞義發生了虛化,所以在確定其詞義時,就不能僅僅滿足於考察上下文,還要結合詞語本身的演變軌跡,通過詞義系統去求證。
The meaning of MaoShao(貌哨) is not about people’s looks, but about people’s manners. ZaZa(帀帀) means "crowded" instead of "boiling water". The meaning of Kong(空) is plain instead of signal. When explaining the meanings of these words, we shall not only depend on the contexts but also consider the evolutionary manners of the words, and utilize its semantic systems to ascertain the same as well. Copyright © 2011 西南交通大學.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)14-17
Journal西南交通大學學報(社會科學版)
Volume12
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Citation

周俊勛和朱慶之(2011):中古漢語詞義研究札記,《西南交通大學學報 (社會科學版)》,12 (4),頁14-17。

Keywords

  • 中古漢語
  • 王梵志詩
  • 貌哨
  • 帀帀
  • Medieval Chinese
  • Poesm by Wang Fan-zhi
  • MaoShao(貌哨)
  • ZaZa(帀帀)
  • Kong(空)
  • Alt. title: Notes on some words in medieval Chinese