Self-referent and Other-referent Career Success: A Cross-cultural Investigation

Project: Research project

Project Details


Subjective judgment of career success may depend on references to one's own criteria (e.g. one's own career goals), or it may depend on comparisons to others (e.g. whether one's income is as good as that of peers). We hypothesize that collectivistic cultures will emphasize other-referent judgments of career success more than individualistic cultures. These studies will develop a scale to measure these two dimensions, and will examine several hypotheses about Chinese vs. American differences in their utility.

Funding Source: Non-HK - Others^^
Effective start/end date01/01/1331/08/14


  • career success, other-referent, self-referent, culture


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